The ROC Constitution stipulates that the ROC national defense aims to defend the nation's security and safeguard world peace.
Under this, the nation's defense concepts, military strategies, military buildup, and objectives are formulated to prevent conflict.
The current international situation and changes to the possible threat to the ROC are also taken into consideration in the making of defense policies
at the current stage. The basic objectives are "preventing war," "defending the homeland," and "countering terrorism and responding to contingencies."
The higher strategic goal is "effective deterrence, resolute defense" with the establishment of a quality self-defensive force capable of counterattack.
China, though calling for reunification, has never renounced the use of force against Taiwan.
It has not only deployed an increasing number of ballistic missiles aimed at Taiwan but also staged large-scale military exercises
with an overt saber-rattling intent to destabilize Taiwan politically and economically.
Moreover, its robust economic expansion in recent years has fueled its defense spending for greater military muscle.
In order to maintain Cross-Strait stability and avoid a military imbalance in the Taiwan Strait, the ROC government is calling for
the establishment of confidence-building measures (CBMs) and a code of conduct on the one hand, and, on the other hand, has been constructing
basic defense forces and counterattack capability to safeguard the territory without engaging in an arms race with the other side.