Ministry of National Defense Organizes Forum to Integrate Resources and Promote Local Production of Indigenous Fighters (July 18, 2016)
(Military News Agency reporter, Li Yi-Hao, Taipei, July 15th) The “Indigenous Fighter Local Production Forum” organized by the Ministry of National Defense was held at the Shih Chien University today, inviting experts from the industrial, government, academic and research sectors to discuss the relevant issues of aerospace development in Taiwan and provide professional suggestions so as to integrate the resources from different sectors and progress towards the objective of independent national defense.
Hosted by the Administrative Deputy Minister of National Defense Lieutenant General Po Hung-Hui, the launch of the forum was attended by distinguished representatives of the aviation industry, such as Chairman of Committee for Aviation Industry Development Chen Jin-Ming, Vice-President of Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation Du Xu-Chun, Vice-Chairman of Evergreen Aviation Precision Liu Zhen-Qi, Vice-Principal of Chienkuo Technology University Zheng Yao-Hui, Director of the Aeronautical Systems Research Division, NCSIST, Ma Wan-Jun, Chairman of AirAsia Wan Tong, Chairman of GEOSAT Aerospace & Technology Lo Cheng Fang, and Executive Director of Aviation Industry Development Foundation Geng Wei-Ming, and had successfully invited National Cheng Kung University and six other universities/colleges, as well as the high level management staff from 46 aviation industries.
During his speech, Lieutenant General Po expressed his thanks to the experts present and for the long-term support of the domestic aviation industry and academic sectors. He expressed his expectations that, through the forum, professional opinions on the aviation industry can be obtained and fully integrated to provide reference for the development of advanced military technology and autonomous development. At the same, the forum will also promote the development of the aviation industry, enhance the competitiveness of the industry, allow the development of synergistic forces through the inter-disciplinary integration, and achieve the objective of “Based in Taiwan, Global Marketing”.
During the discussion, Director of the Technology Division, Department of Resources Planning, Ministry of National Defense, Dr. You Yu-Tang and Director of the Aeronautical Systems Research Division, NCSIST, Ma Wan-Jun gave a theme speech on “Visions and Challenges of the Self-Development of Advanced Trainer Jets” and “Integrating the Resources of Aviation Industry for the Promotion of Indigenous Fighter Local Production” respectively and exchanged ideas with the participants. Through the discussions and exchanges, the industry resources can be better integrated and the research results can be better converted to promote “Indigenous Fighter Local Production” and stimulate the aviation and economic developments.
MND Press Release(October 8, 2013)
The Ministry of National Defense (MND) released the “2013 ROC National Defense Report” today (8th), the 12th report to be periodically released since 1992. The report helps public bodies and citizens understand the government’s defense concepts and administrative results, and also shows the international society the ROC’s military transparency, efforts to comply with regulations of international law, and contribution to regional stability.
The report comprises four parts, namely “Strategic Environment,” “General Plan of National Defense,” “National Defense Capabilities” and “All-out National Defense,” with a total of eight chapters. These parts describe how the MND has improved its organizational performance, effectively integrated resources, streamlined the force structure, and implemented all-out defense after the “six defense organization acts” took effect and voluntarism was implemented.
The MND promotes volunteer force and the “Jingtsui Program” in national defense transformation, and has made considerable progress over the past two years. The force structure reform will be completed in the end of next year and the timetable for volunteer force will be scheduled to the end of 2016, thus to ensure a small but superb, strong and smart elite arm forces.
Under the guidance of defense policies, the ROC Armed Forces will continue to enhance its tangible combat capabilities based on the concept of “innovative/asymmetric” and “focused buildup”, implement defense organization, the force structure reform and military service system transformation, and refine resource management mechanisms, so that it may build solid joint capabilities to achieve the goal of threat deterrence and war prevention.
The 2013 Quadrennial Defense Review Is Released by the Ministry of National Defense(March 13,2013)
The 2013 Quadrennial Defense Review Is Released by the Ministry of National Defense
Abiding by the Article 31 of the National Defense Act, the Ministry of National Defense (MND) releases the 2013 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and submits the report to Foreign and National Defense Committee in Legislative Yuan on March 11. The publish of QDR requires the MND to conduct a comprehensive review of defense development and major defense programs. With the QDR, the MND embodies the President’s national defense ideas in concrete policies and strategic plans. The QDR is therefore the uppermost guidance for policy development, force buildup and combat readiness. Additionally, the QDR serves as a basis for the Legislative Yuan to supervise the implementation result and effectiveness of various defense policies.
The MND released the first QDR in 2009. The 2013 QDR demonstrates a routine and institutionalized process of defense review on quadrennial basis. The MND carries out the President’s strategic concepts, reviews current defense policies, integrates suggestions from diverse fields, reflects public expectation, lays out future policy development and force buildup directions in the QDR. Moreover, bridging the MND with Legislative Yuan, the QDR also advocates dialogues and enhances legislators’ support for defense affairs. All of the above highlight the importance of the QDR in regard to military preparation, defense transformation and all-out defense consolidation.
The framework of the QDR incorporates the President’s concept of “three legs of national security,” national development vision of “golden decade,” and the strategic guidance of “conquer the enemy by strategy.” The QDR aims to evoke the public’s defense awareness and anticipate external and internal security environment and defense challenges. With available financial resources and “innovative/asymmetrical” concept, and in hope of building an elite force with high quality, efficiency, morale, and capabilities, the MND declares in the QDR the directions of force buildup and defense transformation for the next four years to realize the Armed Forces’ missions of safeguarding national security, protecting the public’s rights and promoting regional peace and stability.
With a view to promoting out all-out defense and facilitating the public’s understanding of defense reform, the MND will host a press conference and seminar for defense expertise after reporting to the Legislative Yuan to foster dialogues and communication and encourage the public to continue participating in and supporting defense development.
Following the President’s defense concepts, the MND will continue to implement defense transformation and conduct military preparation to ensure objectives listed in the QDR be achieved on time and with high quality, so as to build “small but superb, strong, and smart” armed forces to be the buttress for cross-Strait engagement and the safeguard for Taiwan Strait security and regional peace.
M.N.D. released press release indicating "Transparency International had published Government Defence Inti-Corruption Index and had positively recognized the effort of the military.”(Jan. 29th 2013)
The Ministry of National Defense (MND) said today, the 29th of January, that the Defense Security Program Group of the Transparency International (TI), accompanied by the Transparency International Chinese Taipei, announced its “Global Defense Anti-corruption Index” this morning at a press conference held at the National Taiwan University Alumni Club. The index shows that the Republic of China (Taiwan) and other six countries, including the United States and United Kingdom, earned the placement in Band B. It indicates that the ROC Armed Forces have been positively recognized in its anti-corruption efforts.
The MND pointed out that the TI Government Defense Anti-corruption Index 2012 was the first authoritative evaluation on the transparency of defense affairs and military procurements. The evaluated countries are classified into level A, B, C, D, E or F on their performance. Taiwan, for the first time, joined the militaries from 82 countries for the latest evaluation. The evaluated countries first went through a self evaluation comprised of 77 questions of 34 types. The TI evaluators then conducted synergetic evaluation on areas including defense and security policies. The results put two countries in Band A. Seven countries, including Taiwan, the US and UK, were placed in Band B.
The TI was founded in 1993 with its Secretariat located in Berlin, German. There are around one hundred national chapters. It is an NGO that monitors government corruptions world-wide. The “Global Defense Anti-corruption Index” is an evaluation on the integrity of defense and security agencies and also the first attempt to examine corruptive practices, military procurements, and public construction problems in defense agencies. The index provides the energy to encourage better organizational transparency and institutional integrity, lower the risk of corruption, and empower the citizens to jointly monitor defense departments. Taiwan’s Band B placement this time reflected a joint effort across government agencies. It is seen as a positive factor in Taiwan’s competitive edge and the government’s effort to fulfill the trust and expectations from the general public.
The MND also said that the “MND anti-corruption task force” was established in April of 2009 under President Ma’s policy guidance of "building a clean government." A monthly “anti-corruption working meeting” is convened by the defense minister to issue instructions from the President and the Executive Yuan and conduct internal reviews on suspected corruption cases for prevention purposes. In the past three years, the ROC Ministry of Justice commissioned the TI on an investigation project on Taiwan’s civil servants grouped into 23 categories. The category of military personnel ranked 6th in 2010, 4th in 2011 and 2nd in 2012. The results reflected wide recognition and support from the people regarding the integrity of the military.
The MND said that, in conjunction with defense re-organization, the Ethics Office was established on 1 January 2013. Together with the Inspector General Office, a dual-track mechanism of multiple supervision processes was formed to implement anti-corruption policies that ask for eliminating the “intention, incentive, means and daring” of all military personnel to be corruptive.
Seminar on Military Virtues and Moral Education for Cultivating Lofty Sentiment and Setting Up Examples(2012-09-24)
(19th Sep, Ching-chieh, Lin, Taipei, Military News Agency) Deputy Minister, Nien-tzu, Yang hosted 2012 Seminar on Military Virtues and Moral Education today. He expressed that modern-day military officers should establish correct perception and deepen the core values of nation, responsibility and honor and develop military virtues of wisdom, credibility, kindness, courage and solemnity.
For strengthening military officers’ military virtues and moral education, National Defense University (NDU) held Seminar on Military Virtues and Moral Education in its Fuhsingkan campus. Secretary as well as missioner of Discipline Committee of MOE, Mu-long, Fu gave a theme talk on Citizen’s Competence and the Education of Military Virtues and Morality to analyze the promotion effects of citizens competence education promoted by MOE for the past few years. The experience can be a reference for future military virtues education.
According to Deputy Minister Yang, due to global financial tsunami in 2008, the gap between poor and rich keeps expanding which causes serious conflict of social values. Facing such challenge, military officers should follow the core values of nation, responsibility and honor to internalize the military virtues training into strict code of ethics through various education and training. Such quality should be able to demonstrate in abiding by disciplines and laws to maintain military’s dignity and honor and further win people’s recognition and respect.
Yang related his personal experience more than 30 years ago while he was receiving the second lieutenant training in Fuhsingkang that military officers should cultivate military virtues and behavior codes with honor and responsibility. Meanwhile, it is very important for military officers to maintain self-awareness and cultivate the lofty sentiment of not greedy for life and not afraid of death so they can fulfill the sacred responsibilities given by constitution while situating in difficult environment.
Yang emphasized that military cadres should establish professional military images of well conduct and integrity with responsible and honest attitude. They are also required to break through the myth influenced by changing social atmosphere with evidence and have deep appreciation towards the core value of nation. In present democratic system, military has the responsibility of propagating the cultures of harmony, unity and respect to consolidate reconciliation rather than disagreement which will pave the safe and strong foundation for the county by such unity between military and people.
The seminar has three sessions for dissertation issuance. The theme for the first one was Enhancing Military Virtues and Consolidating Patriotism. The seminar was hosted by Commander of Army, general Hsiang-chou, Lee; Director of General Education Center of NDU, Associate Professor, Kuo-ching, Lu and Associate Professor of Department of Political Science, Fu Hsing Kang College, Yi-hsiu, Hsieh issued two dissertations, Research on the Relations between Religion and Military Virtues: taking Jeremy Lin and religious belief of U.S. Army as example and Taking Military Virtues as Military Officers’ Life-long Values and Moral Cultivation respectively.
The theme of the second session was Deepen Character Education and Put Military Ethics into Practice, General Hsiang-lung, Tung hosted this session. Professor of Fu Hsing Kang College, NDU, Ta-hua Mo and Assistant Professor of Department of Religious Studies, Fu Jen Catholic University issued dissertations of Philosophical Speculation on Military Virtues and General Public’s Morales and Ethics and the Symbolic Revelation to Military Virtue: from Yueh Fei’s service to the country with supreme loyalty respectively.
The third session was hosted by Commander of Air Force, General Ming, Yen with the themes of Establishing Anti-corruption Environment in Military and Carry Through Administrative Orders. Associate Professor of Department of Law, Kainan University, Chi, Lee and Associate Professor of Department of Political Science, Fu Hsing Kang College, NDU, Yi-ming, Yu respectively issued the dissertation of Military Obligation: take the Constitution of Japan Self-Defense Forces as example and The Difference between East and West Military: from Rokeach’s perspective as analytical structure.
National Armed Forces Participates 2012 Taipei International Invention Show and Technomart (2012-09-24)
(18th Sep, Ching-yi, Lin, Taipei, Military News Agency) 2012 Taipei International Invention Show and Technomart jointly organized by MND, MOEA, MOE, National Science Council, and Council of Agricultural will be held in Taipei World Trade Center from 20th to 23rd Sep. Four units of MND such as Armaments Bureau and Chung-shan Institute of Science and Technology will participate the show to demonstrate 66 items with 101 patents. General public are welcome to personally understand the outstanding research and development of national defense technology.
Dr. Shou-chun, Hu of Chung-shan Institute of Science and Technology expressed in the regular press conference hosted by MND that MND has participated Taipei International Invention Show and Technomart for 8 years since 2005. National Defense Medical Center, Chung-shan Institute of Technology, National Defense University (NDU), Chung-shan Institute of Science and Technology, Armaments Bureau choose the most competitive patents and techniques with high potential for the show from recent years’ research which will make general public understand national armed forces years’ efforts and research on national defense technology and its income effect. They can also promote research result and technical service via joining the show to reach the goals of technological exchange, elevation of industry, creating the value of knowledge economy and transferring the research result to local industries for its upgrade and further development.
To comply with government policy and the themes of this year’s show: go green, smart living and bio-medical care as well as current industry trend and market demands, Chung-shan Institute of Science and Technology organized 21 items for demonstration such as Image-invariant, Optical Speckle Capturing Technique, Artificial Graphite, Fuel Cell Battery, Nanometer Membrane Sensor, etc. to show current research and development for the use of military and daily lives. These items cover 49 patents registered in Taiwan and overseas which are highly applicable.
Armaments Bureau will present items with patents such as Protection Helmet, Air Cushion Sleeping Bags, Multi-function Commanding Tent, Emergency Rescue Mask Case for Carbon Monoxide Prevention, Mobile Central Kitchen, Color Bomb for Training and Fixed Helmet Lighting Device, etc. They are all produced in manufacturing centers of Armaments Bureau with 17 patents in Taiwan and overseas.
NDU carries out projects of National Science Council, National Defense of Science and Technology Development Committee, National Defense Industrial Development Foundation, Armaments Bureau and Chung-shan Institute of Science and Technology as well as other own research projects. They will present 17 innovational technologies such as Field-emission Lighting Unit, Non-chromium Magnesium Alloy Formation and making Carbon Nanotubes in Low Temperature with 24 patents in Taiwan and overseas.
National Defense Medical Center will present 15 specialized technologies with patent in the show which includes Mobile Augmented Reality Software which can be applied in CPR education, sensor apparatus for Quantitative Detection of Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B with Colloid Gold Immuno-chromatography, which can be applied in Gastroenterologic Endoscopy to check patents’ air supply of upper digestive tract. They look forward to applying these academic researches into practice to achieve the purpose of knowledge-based economy and elevating the level of Taiwan’s bio-medical industry.
Language Training Courses & Educatonal Goals
Language Training Courses & Educatonal Goals:
English Preparatory Class: offers two sessions in a year. Each session has 80 trainees and lasts for 24 weeks. The conditions and criteria for successful completion of the course are to fulfill course requirements and score 80 on a ECL test.
Foreign Language Basic Class: offers one session in a year in seven foreign languages, including Japanese, Korean, Spanish, French, German, Russian, and Arabic. Each session has 73 trainees and lasts for 50 weeks. The conditions and criteria for successful completion of the course are to fulfill course requirements and have the ability to listen, talk, read, and write in the language.
Advanced English Class: offers one session in a year. Each session has 25 trainees and lasts for 50 weeks. The conditions and criteria for successful completion of the course are to fulfill course requirements and score 213 on a TOEFL test.
Language Familiarization Course for Attaches: Offers two classes in a year. Each class has 9-12 trainees and lasts for 9 weeks. The training is provided according to each person’s language level. The goals are intermediate level for second languages and intermediate or advanced level for English language.
Part-time teachers wanted:
1.Part-time teachers with R.O.C. Citizenship:
In addition to evaluation by DLI, he or she must have one of the following qualifications:
(1)qualified for being an instructor for a college according to Ministry of Education.
(2)has a master or PhD degree, and his or her research area matches the requirement.
(3)employed by a public or private college as language-related course instructor for over 3 years.
(4)directly involved in language-related profession (such as translation, interpretation, and language teaching) for over 6 years.
2.Part-time teachers with valid Alien Residence Certificate:
In addition to evaluation by DLI, part-time teachers must have a language-related college degree from a in-country or overseas college and language-teaching experience for over 2 years.
※Applicants please send your personal information to the institute or contact personnel officer at (02-28935273).
Actively Implementing Equal Rights Between the Sexes
In conjunction with the work of the "Commission on Women's Rights Promotion, Executive Yuan," the Ministry of National Defense (MND) issued "Working Guidelines on Sexual Equality and Promotion of Women's Rights" in December 2004, and instructed the Department of Manpower, Armaments Bureau, General Political Warfare Bureau, Sub-office of Personnel Affairs, Legal Affairs Committee, Bureau of the Comptroller, and other relevant units to jointly participate. The MND further held a Sexual Equality Case Task Force Conference in November of this year (2007).
The Armed Forces’ systematic recruitment of female career officers (and non-commissioned officers) since 1991 has gradually increased the percentage of women in the military service. Furthermore, in response to the basic needs of female officers (non-commissioned officers), the MND has steadily improved living quarters, ensuring that female officers, non-coms and soldiers in the armed forces can concentrate on performing their military service with peace of mind.
Even more commission members have pointed out at this conference that equality of the sexes should be broadly publicized so that it will be understood by everyone and will win broad-based support and acceptance. In addition, the authorities should think of ways to incorporate relevant education in the instruction given at armed forces schools, while also expanding the scope of political instruction to include domestic violence, sexual assault and other commonly seen sexual issues. Apart from ensuring that all officers and soldiers in the armed forces understand the importance of sexual equality, this effort should also strive to show them how to respect the opposite sex and protect themselves in today's social environment.
Regardless of whether they are affiliated with a government agency or private group, everyone should make adjustment and establishment of the concept of sexual equality their foremost mission. As far as the MND is concerned, all units must publicize this concept and draft implementation timetables and must further assign relevant units to perform implementation. The MND expects to put into operation a superior working environment in which sexual equality is upheld in an appropriate manner and thereby continue to improve the armed forces' fighting strength.
(The Ministry of National Defense prepared the news release and Taiwan News translated it into English.)
Innovative Development of Ground-based Missiles Yields Excellent Results
"The missile was launched and has hit its target." When a missile is launched during training exercises, and the command center has given word that the missile has hit its target, no one, except perhaps the front-line missile unit, is happier than the Army Missile Maintenance Plant in Linkou Township, Taipei County. The Missile Maintenance Plant's personnel are the behind-the-scenes heroes in missile operations, and their painstaking maintenance work ensures that missile missions are successful. The Army Missile Maintenance Plant was honored as the Army Model Regiment this year due to its outstanding performance.
The Army Missile Maintenance Plant is a unit that’s relatively unfamiliar to most people. It is subordinate to the Missile Optoelectronics Depot under Army Headquarters and is primarily responsible for ground-based missile R&D, testing and maintenance work, while also striving to develop maintenance capabilities. Its specific tasks are classified as on-base overhauls, field maintenance and R&D work on military equipment. The Plant's field-maintenance work must support all missiles used by the Army, Navy and Air Force, including Patriot missiles, and the scope of its operations encompasses Taiwan and many offshore islands.
As requested by the workshop headquarters, the Missile Maintenance Plant relies on three levels of command, staff and specialists to establish a "grade one assisting grade one" mechanism and assist and implement performance assessment at all lower grades. As a result, all personnel have sufficient on-the-job skills and knowledge to successfully perform their jobs and accomplish the Plant's missions.
As for development, manufacturing and maintenance capabilities, because most missiles and other high-tech equipment are purchased overseas, in the past, we depended on foreign sources for most spare parts, key technologies and maintenance skills. This not only consumed large amounts of maintenance funds but also considerable time when equipment had to be sent to the original plant for maintenance or supplies had to be sent from foreign sources. The great loss of time adversely affected preparedness. As a consequence, the Missile Maintenance Plant has relied on technology shared among the branches of the armed forces to perform much innovative R&D and has successfully overcome many obstacles regarding maintenance technology for key components. The Plant has thus been able to effectively shorten equipment supply time while also saving large amounts of public funds.
(The Ministry of National Defense prepared the news release and Taiwan News translated it into English.)
Skydiving Dragons Show Their Stuff
As part of the mid-November National Defense Education Expanded Awareness Activities, the superb high-altitude parachuting technique of the Army's Airborne Brigade Skydiving Team won strong praise from the public. Those intrepid airborne recruits who want to wear the insignia of the Airborne Brigade Skydiving Team on their arm must first undergo 70 hours of ground training and 60 high-altitude independent parachute jumps. As a result, members of the team possess extraordinary daring, willpower and the ability to keep cool in stressful situations.
All team members must undergo rigorous training before they are qualified to make parachute jumps. Their training regimen includes basic parachute training consisting of 56 hours of ground training and five jumps, and only trainees who pass can go on to high-altitude parachute training. High-altitude parachute training is divided into three stages: The first stage is ground training, which includes posture training. Beginners must learn to use their limbs to stay balanced and keep their center of gravity stable, allowing the body to fall at an angle or rotate. Apart from posture training, trainees must also undergo training on a jumping board and a dive tower, as well as with swimming and parachute control and folding. The most important thing is fitness training. A skydiver's harness and primary and secondary parachutes weigh more than 12 kilograms. A skydiver must carry these parachutes and equipment onto a plane, undergo the jolts of takeoff, immediately adjust to air pressure and temperature after jumping out a plane and withstand the jolt when the parachute inflates. A skydiver must also have the strength to manipulate a parachute while aloft and must have the leg strength to withstand the impact of landing. Each of a skydiver's actions are closely interconnected. A skydiver must therefore constantly engage in physical training in order to maintain the strength needed for successful parachute jumps.
After ground training is completed, trainees immediately board an airplane and experience high-altitude skydiving. The skydivers begin their jumps at an altitude of 4,000 feet. After they start opening parachutes themselves, their instructor will assess their performance and increase the time to open a parachute from five seconds to eight, 10, 12, 15 and 20 seconds based on their stability. After a skydiver can fall in a stable position for 20 seconds and has done 60 jumps, that person can complete the first stage of training and be promoted as a formal member of the team.
Next time you watch the skydivers' breathtaking performance, make sure to give them a hearty round of applause to let them feel your appreciation.
(The Ministry of National Defense prepared the news release and Taiwan News translated it into English.)