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Defense News

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(Written by Reporter Li, Yi-Hao from Military News Agency, New Taipei City, September 3rd)

    Today is Veterans Day. President Ma, Ying-Jeou visited Wuzhishan Cemetery in Xizhi in the morning to participate in 2015 Military Cemetery Worship Ceremony and pay the highest tribute to the military deceased as well as express care and greetings to all bereaved and military compatriots. After arriving at the cemetery, President Ma, accompanied with Secretary-General of Office of the President Tseng, Yung-Chuan, Secretary-General of National Security Council Kao, Hua-Chu, Minister of Ministry of National Defense Gao, Guangqi, Chairman of Veterans Affairs Council Tung, Hsiang-Long, Chief of Staff General Yen, De-Fa, commanders of the army, navy, and air forces, visited the monument square to incense and bow to the memorial tablets of martyrs. More than 200 soldiers and representatives of the bereaved participated in the ceremony to commemorate the deceased martyrs.

    In the speech, President Ma said that since the founding of the Republic of China, the military experienced numerous hardships from east conquest, northern expedition, war of resistance against Japan, suppression of Communist rebellion, to protection of Taiwan Strait and sacrificed themselves for the survival of the country. The military deceased who was buried here was the pillar and loyal citizen of the country. President Ma indicated that this year is the 70th anniversary of the Republic of China’s Victory in the War of Resistance against Japan and the Retrocession of Taiwan. General Ji Xingwen, who led the 29th Crop to fight against the Japanese army in “Marco Polo Bridge Incident” on July 7, 1937, was buried here. General Ji suffered from great injuries several times during military operations and died in 823 Artillery Bombardment in 1958. In General Ji’s military life, he had many scars in his body. It is said that his mother could not bear to see these scars with her eyes.

President Ma emphasized that in the history of the Republic of China, 368 generals like General Ji and 1.32 million soldiers died in battle, 130,000 soldiers were missing, and 1.76 million soldiers were injured during the 8-year war of resistance against Japan. The total number of casualties reached near 3.22 million. Their sacrifice and contribution helped the country win the war and recover Taiwan and allowed the Republic of China to survive as of today. President Ma said that the military deceased buried at Wuzhishan included chief instructors from Whampoa Military Academy, General Ho, Ying-Chin who accepted Japan’s surrender on behalf of the country in Nanjing, General Qiu Qinquan who was killed in Huaihai Campaign, Lieutenant General Kou, Yun-Sen who die at his post during the Chang Pin Exercise in 1974, and General Yu, Hao-Chang who was known as “Father of Army Air Forces”. These generals from different generations demonstrated the same valiant deeds, which indicated the best proof of the military continuously safeguarding the Republic of China and Taiwan.

 

President Ma thought that a soldier’s sacrifice was a loss of pillar both for the country and the family. In addition to praising soldiers’ loyal integrity, the Spring and Autumn Worship Ceremony held by the government also hope to console the bereaved. President Ma emphasized again that generations of the military firmly and loyally continued to defense, construct, and safeguard Taiwan regardless of ranks, regions, and titles. The history of the military could be almost equally deemed to be the history of struggle for survival of the Republic of China. The history of the Republic of China was built by lives of martyrs, efforts of soldiers, and tears of the bereaved. This joint memory will be definitely passed down and last sustainably.

Regarding the establishment of memorial hall for the war of resistance against Japan proposed by the community, President Ma indicated that the government will found the national military museum that records the history of the military since its founding as well as the history of Taiwan’s or Mainland China’s resistance against foreign aggression, including the process of Taiwan’s resistance against France and Japan, to allow communities to understand that people, whether soldiers or not, fighting for the land and citizens are worth being cared and respected by nationals. Since the public opinion about Japan’s invasion of China and the leadership in the war of resistance against Japan has been highly emphasized recently, President Ma especially quoted the speech given by former president Lee, Teng-Hui in the Ceremony Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the War of Resistance against Japan and the 41st Veterans Day, “The victory of 8-year war of resistance against China ends Chinese people’s humiliation in hundreds of years and recovers Taiwan and Penghu. Although the war has been ended for half a century, the suffering imposed by Japan on nationals remains clear. In those eight years, numerous compatriots from Mainland China died in bombardments held by Japanese aircrafts and women were killed by Japanese soldiers. Many houses and land were destroyed, and hundreds of thousands of people were displaced. People in Taiwan and Penghu were bullied and killed by the Japanese army. Nationals will never forget these bloody memories. Even if we won the victory, we did not retaliate in the same way as Japan did. Past president Chiang Kai-shek encouraged Chinese people to uphold the virtue of universal love and forgive Japan. Past president Chiang’s grade vision still lets Japanese citizens remain grateful as of today.”

President Ma said that former president Lee also mentioned in the Ceremony Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the War of Resistance against Japan that “Meanwhile, we appeal to Japan and all countries around the world. The Republic of China in Taiwan is the government that led Chinese people to resist Japan. Fifth-eight years ago, the president of the Republic of China declared war against Japan; fifty years ago, the government of the Republic of China accepted Japan’s surrender, and did not retaliate based on the traditional virtue of forgiveness.” President Ma thought that the speech given by the former president Lee recognized the military’s sacrifice in the war of resistance against Japan and especially mentioned the history of Japan’s bloody invasion. People in Taiwan and Penghu were bullied and killed by the Japanese army; some of them were even recruited in the Japanese army. More importantly, the former president Lee emphasized that “the Republic of China in Taiwan is the government that led Chinese people to resist Japan”.

President Ma reaffirmed that fifth-eight years ago, the president of the Republic of China declared war against Japan; fifty years ago, the government of the Republic of China accepted Japan’s surrender. This is the consistence thought and policy that the government of the Republic of China has upheld and passed down. Later, President Ma visited the past president Yen, Chia-Kan’s cemetery to give his regards solemnly.